Despite rains during the last week, the U.S. Department of Agriculture on Monday said Iowa corn and soybean crop progress is ahead of schedule.
Ninety-eight percent of the corn acreage has emerged, 18 percentage points ahead of last year and 4 percentage points ahead of the five-year average. Corn condition was rated 1 percent very poor, 2 percent poor, 15 percent fair, 64 percent good and 18 percent excellent.
With soybean planting nearing completion, 87 percent of the crop has emerged, three weeks ahead of last year and just more than a week ahead of normal, according to the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service.
The season’s first soybean condition rating came in at 1 percent very poor, 2 percent poor, 16 percent fair, 64 percent good and 17 percent excellent.
Twenty-four percent of the oat crop has headed, ahead of last year’s 14 percent but 7 percentage points behind average. Oat condition was rated zero percent very poor, 1 percent poor, 32 percent fair, 55 percent good and 12 percent excellent.
The first cutting of alfalfa hay was 42 percent complete, 33 percentage points ahead of last year but 9 percentage points less than average. Hay condition was rated zero percent very poor, 3 percent poor, 26 percent fair, 53 percent good and 18 percent excellent.
Pasture condition was rated 1 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 29 percent fair, 48 percent good and 16 percent excellent. Livestock conditions were reported as average.
The recent precipitation increased soil moisture levels across the state.
Topsoil moisture levels were rated 1 percent very short, 10 percent short, 79 percent adequate and 10 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture levels were 5 percent very short, 22 percent short, 68 percent adequate and 5 percent surplus.
Rainfall soaked southwest and south central Iowa. Overall weekly rain totals varied from 0.43 inches at Cedar Falls to 7.30 inches at Red Oak, 7.17 inches at Oakland and 7.05 inches at Lamoni Airport.